Leakers and whistleblowers, whose interests are at stake? Legal reflections

I. A history on whistleblowing and leaks, different parameters of evaluation for disclosure of classified material

II. Powers of the state in the name of security, from war declarations, to public health emergencies and natural disasters. Reflections regarding legitimacy of extended State Powers

III. Taking into account the Risks and Perils of Internal Whistleblowing

 »To be, or not to be, that is the question: Whether ’tis Nobler in the mind to suffer. The Slings and Arrows of outrageous Fortune, Or to take Arms against a Sea of troubles, And by opposing end them: to die, to sleep. » William Shakespeare, Hamlet

Reference: The case of Thomas Tamm



Jenna McLAUGHLIN, Intelligence Chief Publishes New Training Guide to Teach Whistleblowers Rights https://theintercept.com/2016/12/09/intelligence-chief-publishes-new-training-guide-to-teach-whistleblower-rights/

Reference: The practice of psychiatric abuse, the case of Russell Tice




IV. Laws and offences whistleblowers vs journalists are indicted under. Reflections on limits to free press

Legal Material

1. Classified Information Procedures Act

2. Espionage Act

3. Freedom of Information Act

4. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

5. National Defence Authorization Act

6. Patriot Act

7. Whistleblower Protection Act

8. USA Freedom Act


Executive Order 13526 of December 29, 2009, Classified National Security Information

 Jesselyn RADACK: Jesselyn RADACK, ‘Why Edward Snowden Wouldn’t Get a Fair Trial’

Fiches de lecture